Land Use
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From an environmental perspective, land planning seeks to protect and promote green and liveable spaces, promote resource efficiency and minimise any conflicts linked to the use of scarce urban space. It also seeks to regulate the development and use of buildings and infrastructure. One should normally see close coordination between land planning and sector-specific developments – including infrastructure services linked to transport, water, energy and waste.

Over the past decades, urban design and planning have in many places shifted away from a car-enabling development that focused primarily on productivity, to a more people-oriented development with greater emphasis on environmental aspects and the wellbeing
of the population. As a consequence, there has also been a shift to a more community-based planning process in which active participation by residents increasingly influences the land-use priorities of a city.